Mortimerís Cross

 

February 2, 1461

 


 

Queen Margaret was not present at Wakefield, but accompanied the Lancastrian army on its destructive march south to St. Albans. Warwick arrived in London at the beginning of February. On learning of Yorkís death he appears to have made no effort to get in touch with the Earl of March who was then on the Welsh Marsh. But Edward, although only nineteen years old, had proven himself a capable soldier after defeating a Lancastrian force at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross.

Edward, Earl of March was at Shrewsbury with an army of about 10,000 men, raised in Wales and the Marches, when he received news of the death of his father and brother at Wakefield. He was also told that another Lancastrian army of about 8,000 men was marching out of South Wales behind him commanded by the Earl of Pembroke, the Earl of Wiltshire and Owen Tudor. Edward quickly headed south and deployed his army in three battles straddling the road from Hereford at Mortimer's Cross. The Lancastrians advanced from the south in three battles. The left under Wiltshire contained a large number of lightly armed Irish, Breton and French mercenaries and in the ensuing melee these troops were quickly routed. The Lancastrian centre and right wing was then outflanked and crushed on the banks of the River Lugg. Some 4,000 Lancastrians were killed, although Pembroke and Wiltshire escaped.
 

On the morning of the battle, through an unusual atmospheric condition, three suns were said to be visible.  Edward took this as a propitious omen and after his victory added the sun to his banner.


                    Yorkists                                                    Lancastrians

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

James Baskerville

James Butler, Earl of Wiltshire, escaped

Sir Richard Croft

Hopkin Davy of Carmarthen

Sir Walter Devereaux

Thomas Fitzharry

John Dwnn

Owen ap Griffith, escaped

Lord FitzWater

Thomas ap Griffith, escaped

Lord Grey of Wilton

Rheinallt Gwynnedd of Harlech

Henry ap Griffith

David Lloyd, executed

Richard Hakluyt

Philip Mansel, escaped

Mr. Harper of Wellington

Griffth ap Nicholas, killed in battle

Sir William Hastings

Sir Thomas Perot of Haverfordwest, escaped

Richard Herbert

Lewis Powys of Powysland

Sir William Herbert of Raglan

Morgan ap Rhydderch, executed

Sir William Knylle

Hopkin ap Rhys of Gower, escaped

John Lingen

Lewis ap Rhys of Carmarthen

Sir John Lynell

Sir Harry Skydmore

John Milewater

James Skydmore

Thomas Monington

Sir John Skydmore, escaped

Walter Mytton

Sir William Skydmore

Edward Plantagenet, Earl of March

Sir John Throckmorton, executed

Sir Humphrey Stafford

Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke, escaped

John Tuchet, Lord Audley

Owen Tudor, executed

William Thomas

 

Philip Vaughan

 

Sir Roger Vaughan

 

Thomas Vaughan

 

Sir John Wenlock

 

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Mortimerís


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